These students have been reading and annotating the great soliloquies in Hamlet, but since this is a drama, they have benefitted much more from watching scenes from several film versions of the play. The closed caption feature is on so the students “read” the play while the actors in each cast attempt to, “Fit the action to the word and the word to the action,” per Shakespeare’s directions.
Watching the different film productions complements the study of literary critical theory. These students have been analyzing works of literature through a psychoanalytic, historic, or Marxist lenses, and they are familiar with New Criticism which is so similar to the Common Core State Standards. They know there is more than one way to read a text. Watching the different versions of Hamlet illustrates there are different ways directors and actors interpret and act the text as well.
This year, I used the 1996 Franco Zefferelli version, which stars Mel Gibson as Hamlet, as the “spine” of analysis for the class. His version is also the shortest, but that is what happens when Zefferelli’s interpretation means he rearranges the order of scenes and drops Fortinbras from the plot entirely.
For “speaking the speech trippingly on the tongue,” I showed selections from the Kenneth Branagh version (1996) in which he plays the title role. I also used scenes from the much praised 1948 classic by starring and directed by Laurence Olivier, as well as the most recent BBC production directed by Greg Doran with David Tennant as Hamlet. To provide contrasts to these versions, the students also watched short scenes from the Hallmark production directed and acted by Campbell Scott and Michael Almereyda’s 2000 modernization with Ethan Hawke as Hamlet.
In order to have students appreciate the complexity of the Ghost’s request, I showed different versions of the Ghost scene with Hamlet, adding two more versions to the line-up: short clips from the1964 Grigori Kozintsev‘s version and a nightmarish version (2007) by Alexander Fodor.
Watching all these Hamlets took more time we had. A few more classes, and I could have offered a few more? Which one? I never did get to Kevin Kline’s Hamlet (1990), or Richard Burton’s (1964) filmed rehearsal. There are so many excellent choices from directors, and each has a different way “to draw thy breath in pain. To tell my story.”
Full post (more than 100 words!): http://usedbooksinclass.com/2014/04/14/die-again-hamlet-die-again/